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Map of Kenya

Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of Kenya
conventional short form: Kenya
former: British East Africa

 

 

Capital:

Nairobi. Population: 2.5 million (UN estimate 2003).

 

 

Description:

Kenya shares borders with Ethiopia in the north, Sudan in the northwest, Uganda in the west, Tanzania in the south and Somalia in the northeast. To the east lies the Indian Ocean. The country is divided into four regions: the arid deserts of the north; the savannah lands of the south; the fertile lowlands along the coast; and highlands in the west, where the capital Nairobi is situated. Northwest of Nairobi runs the Rift Valley, dotted with lakes and containing the town of Nakuru, while further west the Aberdare National Park is overlooked by Mount Kenya (5,200m/17,000ft), which also is a national park. In the far northwest is Lake Turkana (formerly Lake Rudolph), and in the southwest is Kenya's share of Lake Victoria.
Kenya is a multicultural society; in the north live Somalis and the nomadic Hamitic peoples (Rendille, Samburu and Turkana), in the south and eastern lowlands are Kamba and Masai and the Luo live around Lake Victoria. The largest group is the Kikuyu who live in the central highlands and have traditionally been dominant in commerce and politics, although this is now changing. There are many other smaller groups and, although Kenya emphasises nationalism, tribal and cultural identity is a factor. A small European settler population remains in the highlands, involved in farming and commerce.
 

 

Location:

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

 

Area:

total: 582,650 sq km
land: 569,250 sq km
water: 13,400 sq km

 

 

Population:

34.7 million (CIA estimate 2006).

 

Languages:

Kiswahili is the national language and English is the official language. The terms Swahili and Kiswahili are used interchangeably, though the term Swahili normally refers to the people while Kiswahili refers to the language. There are over 42 ethnic languages spoken, including Kikuyu and Luo.

 

Climate:
The coastal areas are tropical, but tempered by monsoon winds. The lowlands are hot but mainly dry, while the highlands are more temperate with four seasons. Nairobi has a very pleasant climate throughout the year due to its altitude. Near Lake Victoria, the temperatures are much higher and rainfall can be heavy.

Economy - overview:
The Kenyan economy is largely agricultural and the main cash crops are tea and coffee, although pyrethrum, sisal, sugar and cotton are also important. Kenya is one of the few African countries with a significant dairy industry. It also has a sizeable manufacturing sector, which produces cement, paper, drinks, tobacco, textiles, rubber and metal products amongst other goods. The mining industry is very small.
In the service sector, tourism is the largest industry and principal source of foreign exchange. Kenya attracts around 1.8 million visitors annually.
Like many African countries, Kenya signed up to an IMF-imposed Structural Adjustment Programme in the mid 1990s, but because of concerns about political reform and widespread corruption, the IMF and World Bank withdrew support in 2000. However, following introduction of anti-corruption measures and privatisation of several major state-owned enterprises, the IMF approved the new Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility in 2003.
Overall economic performance has been disappointing due to persistent government failures and slow reform; inflation was at 10.5% in 2006. However, since election of the NARC government, growth has picked up, reaching 5.7% in 2006. Unemployment is difficult to measure in Kenya, but was given as 40% in 2001.
After a failed attempt in 1977, an East African Customs Union was established with Tanzania and Uganda in 2005. In 2006, Kenya signed a 20-year bilateral agreement with China for oil exploration.

Economy:
The Kenyan economy is largely agricultural and the main cash crops are tea and coffee, although pyrethrum, sisal, sugar and cotton are also important. Kenya is one of the few African countries with a significant dairy industry. It also has a sizeable manufacturing sector, which produces cement, paper, drinks, tobacco, textiles, rubber and metal products amongst other goods. The mining industry is very small.
In the service sector, tourism is the largest industry and principal source of foreign exchange. Kenya attracts around 1.8 million visitors annually.
Like many African countries, Kenya signed up to an IMF-imposed Structural Adjustment Programme in the mid 1990s, but because of concerns about political reform and widespread corruption, the IMF and World Bank withdrew support in 2000. However, following introduction of anti-corruption measures and privatisation of several major state-owned enterprises, the IMF approved the new Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility in 2003.
Overall economic performance has been disappointing due to persistent government failures and slow reform; inflation was at 10.5% in 2006. However, since election of the NARC government, growth has picked up, reaching 5.7% in 2006. Unemployment is difficult to measure in Kenya, but was given as 40% in 2001.
After a failed attempt in 1977, an East African Customs Union was established with Tanzania and Uganda in 2005. In 2006, Kenya signed a 20-year bilateral agreement with China for oil exploration.
 

 

Industries:

small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism

 

Exports - commodities:

tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement

 

Imports - commodities:

machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics

 

Exchange rates:

 

 

Useful links:

  • Ministries & Organization

Ministry Of Finance
Kenya Revenue authority
www.revenue.go.ke
Capital Markets authority
www.cma.or.ke
Kenya Commercial Bank
www.kcb.co.ke
National Bank Of Kenya
www.nationalbank.co.ke
Commercial Bank Of Africa
www.cba.co.ke
Industrial Development Bank
www.idbkenya.com/
Habib Bank www.habibbank.com/kenya/index_kenya.html
www.habibbank.com/kenya/index_kenya.html
Industrial & Commercial Development Corporation
www.icdc.co.ke
Co-operative Bank Of Kenya Limited
www.co-opbank.co.ke

Consolidated Bank Of Kenya
www.consolidated-bank.com
Ministry of Roads, Public Works and Housing
Housing Finance
www.housing.co.ke
 

       Ministry of Trade and Industry

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002